Type 1 diabetes accounts for about 10 percent of all diabetes patients, with type 2 diabetes making up the highest proportion, accounting for about 90 percent of the total number of reported cases.
Diabetes treatment for patients with type 1 disease is slightly different from diabetes care for people with type 2 diabetes, mainly because of the different causes of the two types of disease.
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People with type I diabetes have a pancreas that produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin to meet these people's insulin needs. This condition is often the result of damage to the cells in the pancreas that are responsible for secreting this important chemical.
Sometimes these people do not produce insulin at all. Ultimately, the level of insufficient insulin hormone secreted by the pancreas depends on how badly damaged the organ is.
The role of insulin in diabetes management
Without insulin, blood sugar levels rise. This is because insulin often has two functions in relation to blood sugar, firstly by opening the cells in your body to take up glucose for energy metabolism. Second, hormones promote the conversion of excess glucose into inert fat.
Treatment and care of diabetes in cases of type 1
Diabetes treatment for type 1 diabetes requires a plan that aims to maintain healthy glucose levels to prevent complications that develop over time. Therefore, treatment involves administering insulin to the patient as prescribed by their doctor.
A person with type I diabetes should also change their diet and check the amount of sugar they eat. Your diet is primarily determined by your doctor and should be strictly followed as part of a diabetes treatment program.